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关于西方文化 - About Western culture

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发表于 2016-1-17 22:06:53 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
关于西方文化 - About Western culture



西方文化是指西欧、北美国的现代文化,包括西方世界中的共同标准和价值观、风俗习惯等。
Western culture refers to Western Europe,North America's modern culture,including the Western world in the common standards and values,customs,and so on.

而西方的话语则相对应的是伊斯兰教的正统教会、亚洲或伊斯兰教国家,第三世界还是发展中国家。

And the Western word corresponds to the Orthodox Church,Asia or the Islamic countries,the Third World or developing countries.Also corresponds to the former Soviet Union was communist country.

西方文化与西方世界的概念通常与传统的定义相关联,根据这一定义,西方文化是文学、科学、音乐、哲学和收集的原则,与其他主要文明不同,适用于西欧移民的非殖民化或对国家的强烈冲击,而不局限于西欧,其中大部分都被列入了西方古典传统。
The concept of Western culture and the Western world are usually associated with the traditional definition.According to this definition,Western culture is literature,science,music and philosophy and principles of the collection,and unlike other major civilization.Applicable to the decolonization of Western European immigrants or strong impact on the country,and not limited to Western Europe.Most of these were included in the tradition of Western classical.

西方文化是用在许多方面,无论是正确的或不实际使用,包括美国文化、唯物主义、资本主义、工业、商业、和享乐主义、帝国主义、现代主义,以及西方文明的解释。
Western culture is used in many ways,whether correct or not actual use,including the American culture,materialism,industry,and capitalist,commercial,and of hedonism,imperialism,modernism,as well as explanations of Western civilization.


西方文化常被认为起源于古希腊,罗马帝国,天主教,新教基督徒,他们被统称为犹太教-基督教文化。
Western culture is often that originated in ancient Greece,the Roman Empire,the Catholic,Protestant Christians,they were collectively known as the Jewish - Christian culture.

然而,西方文化也植根于日耳曼人、斯拉夫人和凯尔特人的流行文化,文化在欧洲的重要驱动力,一种文化的中世纪。

However,Western culture is also rooted in Germanic people,Slavs and the Celtics popular culture,the culture is a culture of the Middle Ages in Europe an important driving force.


在文学、音乐、哲学、宗教等西方文化中,有着十分丰富的发展:经院哲学、天主教、新教、人文主义、文艺复兴、启蒙时代、世俗的科学的方法。
Western culture in literature,music,philosophy and religion,have a very rich development.Important traditional include:Scholasticism,Catholic,Protestant,Humanism,Renaissance,The Age of Enlightenment,Secular,The scientific method.


公元前1世纪,罗马帝国在希腊之后,吸收了古希腊的科学、哲学、民主、建筑、文学和艺术,并在此基础上进一步发展。

1 century BC,the Roman Empire after the fall of Greece,absorbing the ancient Greek science,philosophy,democracy,architecture,literature and art,and on this basis for further development.

在接下来的500年里,尽管古希腊罗马帝国,非常前卫的拒绝民主的理念,但它将希腊语,拉丁语作为罗马法在整个欧洲的日耳曼罗马文化整合,斯拉夫语和凯尔特文化,但随着罗马的衰落,希腊和罗马(格列柯的罗马)许多艺术、文学和科学不复存在或被取代。
In the next 500 years,despite the Roman Empire of ancient Athens,very avant-garde rejected the idea of democracy,but it will be Greek,Latin as the Roman law throughout Europe.Rome cultural integration of the Germanic,Slavic and Celtic culture,but with the decline of Rome,Greece and Rome (Greco-Roman) of the many artistic,literary and scientific disappear or are replaced.



随着罗马基督教的发展,圣经作为西方文学和艺术的核心部分,几乎在所有的领域受到西方文化的冲击,包括艺术、法律、哲学、教育和政治。
With the advancement of Christian Rome,the Bible as literature and art in the western part of the core,almost to the impact of Western culture in all areas,including arts,law,philosophy,education and politics.

罗马在许多基督教神学院成立,现在很多大学,高校,就是这样诞生的。一般情况下,这些机构促进了早期西方文化的传播。
Rome was set up in many Christian seminaries,and now many universities,colleges that is the origin of this,in general,these institutes to promote the early spread of Western culture.


作为十字军东征,西班牙、及黎巴嫩的摩尔与阿拉伯文化的特殊性,一些古希腊和古罗马的阿拉伯文化知识的保存,对西欧造成影响。最后,在十四世纪,希腊遗产和西欧文化被发现,于是文艺复兴诞生。
Arab culture preservation of a number of ancient Greece and ancient Rome's knowledge,as the Crusades,Spain,Lebanon where the mole by the special with the Arab culture,have an impact on Western Europe and finally in the 14th century,Greece's cultural heritage and re - Western Europe was found,so the Renaissance was born.


第十六世纪,西方文化的复兴被探险家、殖民者、商人和传教士传播到新大陆。然后是启蒙时代,和法国大革命达到顶峰时的美国革命。一些构成了理想社会的思想,如民权、平等、正义和民主,被首先付诸实施。这些指导思想已经成为现代西方文化的基石。
The 16th century,the Renaissance of Western culture were explorers,settlers,merchants and missionaries spread to the New World.Then the Age of Enlightenment,the American Revolution,when the French Revolution reached a peak.Some ideas,such as civil rights,equality before the law,justice and democracy,these constitute the ideal society,the first being put into practice.These guidelines have now become the cornerstone of modern Western culture.


第十九世纪,美国开始发展自己的西方文化,20世纪50年代,占据了主导地位,与美国的时尚、娱乐、技术和政治,传播到其他西方世界。
The 19th century,the United States began to develop self-Western culture,which occupied a dominant position in the 1950s,together with the United States fashion,entertainment,technology and politics,spread to other Western world.


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